Phytocannabinoids



Notion 7
Term Phytocannabinoids
Field Molecule
Definition Cannabinoids are a group of active compounds in Cannabis Sativa L. As the broader definition of cannabinoids refers to a group of substances that are structurally related to tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabinoids that occur uniquely in the cannabis plant are called phytocannabinoids (the two other types are endogenous cannabinoids, produced in the bodies of humans and other animals, and synthetic cannabinoids, similar compounds produced in a laboratory). At least 66 phytocannabinoids have been isolated from the cannabis plant, and the most prevalent are: THC (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD (cannabidiol) and CBN (cannabinol).
Phytocannabinoids binds to cannabinoids receptors, located mainly in the brain and the spleen.
Not all phytocannabinoids have a psychoactive effect. They are also called natural cannabinoids, herbal cannabinoids, and classical cannabinoids.
Contexts
  • (...) abundant evidence now exist that phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids inhibit the proliferation of some tumors and cancer cells (...).
  • Plant-derived phytocannabinoids have recently attracted considerable interest as novel potential therapeutic agents.
  • (...) a valid therapeutic alternative may be the use of non-psychotropic phytocannabinoids, including cannabidiol (CBD).
Phraseology "Phytocannabinoids" can be preceded by an adjective to characterize the term (psychotropic phytocannabinoids).
French
and
Spanish equivalent
Phytocannabinoïdes
Fitocannabinoide

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