Hemp



Notion 1
Term Hemp
Field Fiber plant
Pronunciation 'hemp
Etymology Middle English, from Old English hænep; akin to Old High German hanaf hemp, Greek kannabis
Definition Hemp is an annual fibre plant of the family of Cannabaceae (like hop), cultivated in temperate and subtropical regions. It produces a very strong textile fibre. It is the common name for plants of the species Cannabis Sativa L, which is, according to botanists, the only species.
It includes three subspecies : Sativa Sativa, Sativa Indica, and Sativa Ruderalis. The first one is industrial hemp, cultivated for its fiber and its seeds. It comes from a variety selected to produce an abundance of fibre and minimal levels of THC (its amount does not exceed 0.3%, according to the legislation of the European Union), which is not enough for any physical or psychological effects. On the contrary, the second one is the narcotic subspecies, sometimes called "Indian hemp", or just "Cannabis". Sativa Ruderalis is a rare subspecies, sometimes known as "ditch weed", and can be seen growing at the side of the road in parts of Russia and eastern Europa.
In the everyday language, hemp is often used to refers only to industrial hemp, and cannabis to plants cultivated for the production of drugs.
Contexts
  • Indian Hemp is not outwardly distinguishable from Cannabis Sativa.
  • In the old southwestern agricultural regions of Finland, hemp has been cultivated for at least 1000 years, and maybe even over 1500 years.
  • Hemp has been grown for at least the last 12000 years for fiber (textiles and paper) and food.
  • Hemp has enormous potential for food, fuel, fibre, and therapy.
Phraseology "Hemp" is often preceded by an adjective indicating its provenance (wild, Indian, industrial). It can also be preceded by a verb, thus indicating the process of treating or using hemp (break, ret, spin).
French
and
Spanish equivalent
Chanvre
Cáñamo

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